The Sundarban (Shundorbôn) The name Sundarban can be literally translated as "beautiful forest" in the Bengali language (Shundor, "beautiful" and bon, "forest"). The name may have been derived from the Sundari trees (the mangrove species Heritiera fomes). It is the largest single block of tidal halophytic mangrove forest in the world. The Sndarban covers approximately 10,000 square kilometers (3,900 sq mi) of which 60 percent is in Bangladesh with the remainder in India. The Sundarban is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Sundarban National Park is one of the largest reserves for the Bengal tiger.
Flora in the SUNDARBANS
The SUNDARBAN flora is characterized by the abundance of sundari (Heritiera fomes), gewa(Excoecaria agallocha), goran (Ceriops decandr) and keora (Sonneratia apetala) all of which occur prominently throughout the area.
Fauna in the SUNDARBANS
The SUNDARBANS provide a unique ecosystem and a rich wildlife habitat. According to the 2011 tiger census, the SUNDARBANS have about 270 of the Majestic BENGAL TIGERS There is much more wildlife here than just the endangered ROYALBENGAL TIGER Fishing cats, macaques, wild boars, common grey mongooses, foxes, jungle cats , flying foxes, pangolins the water monitor lizards and spotted deer are also found in abundance in the Sundarbans. The SALTWATER CROCODILE and MUGGER CROCODILE, as well as the Gharial Sharks and the Gangetic dolphins roam the water ways.
Avifauna in the SUNDARBANS
The forest is also rich in bird life, with 170 species including the endemic brown-winged kingfishers and the globally threatened lesser adjutants and masked fin foots and birds of prey such as the ospreys , white-bellied sea eagles and grey-headed fish eagles.
Reptiles of the SUNDARBANS
The SUNDARBANS National Park houses an excellent number of reptiles as well. Some of the common ones are olive ridley turtles, sea snakes , dog faced water snakes, green turtles, estuarine crocodiles , chameleons , king cobras , salvator lizards , hard shelled batgun terrapins, Russels vipers, mouse gekkos, monitor lizards, curviers, hawks bill turtles, pythons,common kraits , green vine snake , checkered keelbacks and rat snakes, water monitors ( Varanus salvator), and Indian pythons (Python molurus) are some of the resident species.